Canada is a post-national state because Canada is too large and diverse to have one core identity. With Canada accepting as many immigrants as it does, (271,800 permanent immigrants in 2015) many cultures are introduced to the country. An example of this diversity is Toronto’s ranking as “the most diverse city in the world” in 2016 (Flack 2016). Canada’s “cheerful commitment to inclusion” (Foran 2017) means that different cultures are allowed to thrive, leading to the spread of new values, beliefs, and experiences. As more immigrants and cultures are accepted into Canada, the core identity becomes weaker and instead, there is “space for multiple identities and multiple loyalties” (Foran 2017). Furthermore, Canada is also such a large country geographically that it is difficult to find a shared identity for the whole country. For smaller countries, it is easier to find a core identity because roughly the entire country benefits from the same policies. With Canada, it’s different. In a 2016 study done by the Angus Reid Institute and CBC, Canadians were asked how satisfied they were about job opportunities in their area. The results showed that “Atlantic Canadians and Albertans, the two areas hit hardest by the oil slump, report the lowest levels of satisfaction” (Reid Institute 2016). Meanwhile, Manitobans and Quebecers were the most satisfied. This poll shows that different parts of Canada have different values and feelings about Canada, which contributes to the creation of multiple Canadian identities.  The diversity and scale of Canada make it difficult for Canadians to have one core identity. Instead, Canada has multiple smaller identities that may be shared with other countries, which makes Canada a post-national state.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/04/the-canada-experiment-is-this-the-worlds-first-postnational-country

https://www.blogto.com/city/2016/05/toronto_named_most_diverse_city_in_the_world/

https://wtop.com/news/2017/07/10-countries-that-take-the-most-immigrants/

http://angusreid.org/canada-values/#what-divides